Think about railroads, electricity suppliers, and telephone companies – American law recognizes that certain critical businesses must accept all customers and treat them all fairly.
As the Attorney General of Ohio, I went to court last month to make a statement that Google has been transformed into such an entity.
Google is everywhere. More web traffic to the Google and YouTube branches than any other top 50 websites. And it’s not just Internet traffic: Google dominates Internet search, it is close to 90 percent of the US search market, and also around the world. Bing, the world’s second-largest search engine, accounts for 6 percent of the US market and 2 percent of the global market.
Google as a public utility
More than 30 states, including mine, have joined Google’s anti-terrorism campaign. But, Ohio is following Google in the context of a common public utility law – a method I urge other states to consider.
If Ohio is to win in the playoffs, hard-working mothers will ask, “May May?” No. The government does not want to reduce the number of Google users, as the anti-trust law tells Google how to run the business or write the algorithms. We don’t even ask about financial matters – according to the law, Google is simply a public utility or a public service provider in general.
Once Google announces a common carrier, the average web user search experience will be much the same.
As a common law, Google has a legal obligation to use it in the interest of the public, to provide equal access to all users and all information providers, and to act impartially on information providers, especially other Google competitors. Business lines. that’s it. As the legal touches continue, anti-Semitism law is much simpler than it requires. (Google claims that the Ohio lawsuit is “not based on facts or the law” and will defend it in court.)
How Google uses market dominance
Once Google announces a common carrier, the average web user search experience will be much the same. That is largely because you are not a customer when you use Google to search – you are the product. Google uses your personal information to target ads.
Hidden shared carrier changes for users will be positive, for example they will show you the results you requested instead of redirecting to Google products. My lawsuit alleges that Google prioritizes its own products and platforms in terms of interest. According to market research firm Sparcoro. By 2020, at least 65 percent of Google searches were “zero-click searches” – meaning that the customer never left Google when they searched. And, according to a study by Marxup, the search for flights will result in a coordinated result from Google’s first flight – competitors such as Traveloality and Orbitz could be shut down.
As a public utility, Google Search should have given a better shot to others. Those searches will get unobtrusive results for Google, and the marketplace will be a little more competitive.
Once the court finds that Google is a public utility, the marketplace itself provides security rails. Although modern public utilities often follow the rules, those who feel they will not receive a fair trial can be settled in court, and we do not expect Google to face a mass dispute.
History of Common Law
Public utilities, such as public utilities, began with the English common law, and key economic players, such as boat operators, had to fulfill certain obligations to the public. In the days of Gilead, Gate Cornelius Vanderbit took control of the key bridge to New York City by train. In the late 1860’s, she closed the bridge to its rivals and closed off the city’s western supply of food to the rest of the country’s largest port.
When a competing railroad stock crashed, he quickly took control. As a result, Vandert used the chokepoint controller to set up the monopoly. To counteract such predictions, Congress has called for an immediate end to hostilities. In 1890 he passed the Sherman Anti-Conflict Act and then began to amend the common carrier and public utility law.
The fact of the matter is that foreign governments are already in control of cyberspace around the world and in a very serious way.
But the common law regarding public utilities remains in place in many places – including Ohio. Legal regulation produces different results from common law, because the development of information requires detailed rules that cover all matters in advance, but the common law allows for the drafting of a law that is consistent with each particular dispute.
Of course, there are many critics of Ohio. To knock a few straw men: Ohio action is not slowing down Google’s right to speak. On the contrary, Google is free to say whatever it wants. The only thing he could not do was use his monopoly power to restrict the trade of others by placing them in the corner of other malls.
Critics say the “business-to-business article” creates a problem – one in 50 states is using the law as a burden on medium trade, a violation of sovereignty and federalism. But if he chooses Google (and other states that probably follow the Ohio leadership), he can make Ohio a geo-fence.
The fact of the matter is that foreign governments are already in control of cyberspace around the world and in a very serious way. The EU requires cookie warnings and privacy protections. Google has only filed a French lawsuit against Google’s advertising infrastructure.
Google’s first response to our issue will be in the next few weeks. Google’s parent company code of conduct says, ‘Do the right thing – follow the law, work with dignity, and treat your co-workers with dignity, support and respect.’ Google can do that by recognizing the obvious: Private companies’ laws no longer apply to it.
(C) The New York Times